You can sponsor this page

Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776)

Bitterling
Hochladen Photos und videos
Pictures | Google Bild
Image of Rhodeus sericeus (Bitterling)
Rhodeus sericeus
Female picture by Naseka, A.M.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acheilognathinae
Etymology: Rhodeus: Greek, rhodeos, a,-on = rose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 5.8 - 6.3; dH range: 2 - 3; potamodrom; tiefenbereich 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 18°C - 21°C (Ref. 1672); 60°N - 35°N, 5°W - 145°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Asia. Amur basin and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5723); max. veröff. Alter: 5 Jahre (Ref. 27368)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 3; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8-10; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8 - 10; Wirbelzahl: 34 - 38

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in ponds, lakes, marshes, muddy and sandy pools and backwaters of rivers (Ref. 5723). Feeds mainly on plant material but also on small larvae of insects. Its occurrence is related to those of the bivalve Anodonta cygnea and other freshwater mussels (Ref. 30578). Known for its habit of laying its eggs in the mantle cavity of freshwater mussels (Ref. 1739). Reproduction takes place from April to June (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hides eggs in live invertebrates such as mussels, crabs or ascidians. The female develops a conduit ovipositor by which it deposits its ovules between the gills of the bivalve. The male then comes to deposit its seed close to the respiratory opening of the bivalve; at the interior of which fertilization takes place. The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge. In exchange, the fish rids the bivalve of its parasites (Ref. 30578). The young leave the mussel about 28 days after hatching, having reached a length of about 10 mm (Ref. 41678).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. Proc. Zool. Inst. 287:81-97. (Ref. 50154)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  Geringe Gefährdung: nicht bedroht (LR/lc) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Mehr Information

Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
Referenzen
Aquakultur
Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
Mass conversion
Partner
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

Tools

Zusatzinformationen

Download XML

Internet Quellen

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00494 - 0.01685), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=2; tmax=5; Fec=100).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .