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Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776)

Bitterling
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Image of Rhodeus sericeus (Bitterling)
Rhodeus sericeus
Female picture by Naseka, A.M.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acheilognathinae
Etymology: Rhodeus: Greek, rhodeos, a,-on = rose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; pH range: 5.8 - 6.3; dH range: 2 - 3; potamodromous; kisaran kedalaman 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 18°C - 21°C (Ref. 1672); 60°N - 35°N, 5°W - 145°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia. Amur basin and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 5723); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 5 Tahun (Ref. 27368)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 3; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 8-10; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8 - 10; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 34 - 38

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Occurs in ponds, lakes, marshes, muddy and sandy pools and backwaters of rivers (Ref. 5723). Feeds mainly on plant material but also on small larvae of insects. Its occurrence is related to those of the bivalve Anodonta cygnea and other freshwater mussels (Ref. 30578). Known for its habit of laying its eggs in the mantle cavity of freshwater mussels (Ref. 1739). Reproduction takes place from April to June (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Hides eggs in live invertebrates such as mussels, crabs or ascidians. The female develops a conduit ovipositor by which it deposits its ovules between the gills of the bivalve. The male then comes to deposit its seed close to the respiratory opening of the bivalve; at the interior of which fertilization takes place. The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge. In exchange, the fish rids the bivalve of its parasites (Ref. 30578). The young leave the mussel about 28 days after hatching, having reached a length of about 10 mm (Ref. 41678).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. Proc. Zool. Inst. 287:81-97. (Ref. 50154)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  risiko rendah: kurang bimbang (LR/lc) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00494 - 0.01685), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (tm=2; tmax=5; Fec=100).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .