Bathytoshia lata, Brown stingray : gamefish

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Bathytoshia lata (Garman, 1880)

Brown stingray
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Bathytoshia lata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 40 - 357 m (Ref. 58302).   亞熱帶的

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Eastern Atlantic: southern France to Angola, including the Mediterranean Sea. Widespread in the Indo-Pacific region, from southern Africa to Hawaii.
三大洋全部。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 260 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 114953); 最大体重: 290.0 kg (Ref. 114953)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Demersal or benthic on insular and continental shelves (Ref.58048, 58302). Found on sand or mud bottoms, sometimes near coral reefs (Ref. 12951). Feeds on crabs, prawns and small bony fishes (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught often by demersal tangle net and longline fisheries operating in shelf waters.Utilized for its meat, cartilage and thorny tail (58048).

栖息于沙或泥底部了, 有时在珊瑚礁的附近.(参考文献 12951) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).三大洋全部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2007

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的 (Ref. 6871)





人类利用

游钓鱼种: 是的
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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15 - 21.9, mean 20.2 (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Assuming fecundity<100).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .