Cobitis strumicae, Bulgarian spined loach

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Cobitis strumicae Karaman, 1955

Bulgarian spined loach
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Cobitis strumicae
Picture by Kutsarov, Y.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的.   亞熱帶的

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Aegean and Black Sea basins, from Struma drainage to area of Varna (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey), Lakes Volvi and Koronia (Greece); Danube basin in Bulgaria. In Danube and Struma drainages, C. strumicae occurs together with hybridogenous, sprem-parasitic lineages, which have originated by hybridisation of C. elongatoides with C. taenia or C. tanaitica (Ref. 59043).
歐洲: 希臘。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043); 11.0 cm SL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Presence of a black spot at caudal base, very small or sometimes absent, rarely two small spots. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 12-21 roundish or squarish blotches, sometimes indistinct or fused two by two; flank not pigmented below zone Z4. Two laminae circularis.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A short-lived species. Adults occur in highland and lowland water courses with little current, in springs and associated wetlands and in lakes (Ref. 26100), with sand or silt bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

出现于高地与水量少的低地水流中的一种生命期短的种, 在泉水中与相连的洼地与在湖中。 受到威胁的由于污染与栖息地破坏.(参考文献 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).歐洲: 希臘。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00248 - 0.01273), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .