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Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic wolffish
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Anarhichas lupus
Picture by Salesjö, A.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 1 - 600 m (Ref. 58426), usually 18 - 110 m (Ref. 7135).   Temperate; 79°N - 37°N, 75°W - 56°E (Ref. 54281)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); publicerad maxvikt: 23.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Ground color usually greyish-green but almost black or reddish -brown. Body with 10-15 transverse, dark bars extended to the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Males guard a clutch of eggs right up to the time of hatching (Ref. 6407). During brood protection, the male hardly feeds (Ref. 6407).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiellt viktig; Vattenbruk: experimentell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(Vattenbruk: produktion; fiskeri: produktion, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.8 - 12.1, mean 7.8 (based on 1910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00299 - 0.00556), b=3.19 (3.10 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.04-0.1; tm=6-7; Fec=12,740-25,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.