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Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic wolffish
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Image of Anarhichas lupus (Atlantic wolffish)
Anarhichas lupus
Picture by Salesjö, A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 1 - 600 m (Ref. 58426), usually 18 - 110 m (Ref. 7135).   Temperate; 79°N - 37°N, 75°W - 56°E (Ref. 54281)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 7251); peso máximo publicado: 23.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Ground color usually greyish-green but almost black or reddish -brown. Body with 10-15 transverse, dark bars extended to the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Males guard a clutch of eggs right up to the time of hatching (Ref. 6407). During brood protection, the male hardly feeds (Ref. 6407).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial; Acuicultura: experimental; pesca deportiva: si; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(Acuicultura: producción; pesquerías: producción, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.8 - 12.1, mean 7.8 (based on 1910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00300 - 0.00554), b=3.19 (3.10 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 4.5-14 años (K=0.04-0.1; tm=6-7; Fec=12,740-25,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.