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Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic wolffish
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Anarhichas lupus
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条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 1 - 600 m (Ref. 58426), usually 18 - 110 m (Ref. 7135).   Temperate; 79°N - 37°N, 75°W - 56°E (Ref. 54281)

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Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 7251); 最大公表体重: 23.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

Ground color usually greyish-green but almost black or reddish -brown. Body with 10-15 transverse, dark bars extended to the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Males guard a clutch of eggs right up to the time of hatching (Ref. 6407). During brood protection, the male hardly feeds (Ref. 6407).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 高い商業の; 水産養殖: 実験の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 公共の水族館
FAO(水産養殖: 代謝; 水産業: 代謝, 種の外形; publication : search) | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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参考文献
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.8 - 12.1, mean 7.8 (based on 1910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00300 - 0.00554), b=3.19 (3.10 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.04-0.1; tm=6-7; Fec=12,740-25,000).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Low.