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Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic wolffish
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Image of Anarhichas lupus (Atlantic wolffish)
Anarhichas lupus
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رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي نزديك كف زي; اقیانوس رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 1 - 600 m (Ref. 58426), usually 18 - 110 m (Ref. 7135).   Temperate; 79°N - 37°N, 75°W - 56°E (Ref. 54281)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 7251); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 23.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

Ground color usually greyish-green but almost black or reddish -brown. Body with 10-15 transverse, dark bars extended to the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Males guard a clutch of eggs right up to the time of hatching (Ref. 6407). During brood protection, the male hardly feeds (Ref. 6407).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: با ارزش تجاري بالا; آبزي پروري: آزمايشي; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله; آكواريوم: آکواریوم عمومی
FAO(آبزي پروري: production; ماهي گيري – شيلات: production, نمايه گونه; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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منابع اينترنتي

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.8 - 12.1, mean 7.8 (based on 1910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00300 - 0.00554), b=3.19 (3.10 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 69278):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال (K=0.04-0.1; tm=6-7; Fec=12,740-25,000).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Low.