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Centrolophus niger (Gmelin, 1789)

Rudderfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centrolophus niger   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centrolophus niger (Rudderfish)
Centrolophus niger
Picture by De Sanctis, A.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrolophidae (Medusafishes)
Etymology: Centrolophus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Gmelin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser bathypelagisch; tiefenbereich 40 - 1050 m (Ref. 52180), usually 300 - 700 m (Ref. 52180).   Deep-water; 68°N - 55°S, 180°W - 180°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North Atlantic: Nova Scotia and Grand Banks (Canada) to Massachusetts, USA (Ref. 7251). Also known from the Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Southeast Atlantic and Indian Ocean: South Africa and Australia (including New South Wales). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand. Southern Ocean. Antitropical.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4542); common length : 60.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 5; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 37-41; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 20 - 24. Dark brown to black, occasionally almost bluish; median and pelvic fins darker than body; young with 2-4 vertical bars (Ref. 4410). Snout is slightly longer than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

An oceanic, epipelagic or mesopelagic species (Ref. 6942). Juveniles occurring in surface waters (Ref. 4542) and associated with pelagic medusas and salps (Ref. 4410), adults found deeper (Ref. 4542). May form small schools. Appears to feed on whatever is available, small fish, squid, large pelagic crustaceans, and other plankton (Ref. 4542).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Haedrich, R.L., 1990. Centrolophidae. p. 1011-1013. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6942)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerzielles potential; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.7 - 11.9, mean 7 (based on 632 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00329 - 0.01208), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.