Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Perch-likes) > Nomeidae
Etymology: Nomeus: Greek, nomeys, -eos = shepherd (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gmelin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino demersale; distribuzione batimetrica 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 58302). Subtropical; 52°N - 45°S
Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: north-west Africa and the Canary Islands (Ref. 4777); also São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088). Not recorded from the Mediterranean and most of the eastern Atlantic (Ref. 9834). Indian and Pacific: widely distributed.
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4412)
Spine dorsali (totale): 9 - 13; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 24-28; Spine anali 1-2; Raggi anali molli: 24 - 29; Vertebre: 41. Juveniles whitish or silvery with dark blue mottlings; pelvic fins black (Ref. 4412). Dark blue above, side silvery with patches of dark blue. Pelvic fin with inner rays joined to abdomen by membrane for its entire length (Ref. 26938).
Found offshore in warm waters. Juveniles pelagic in coastal and offshore waters down to at least 30 m, but adults possibly demersal in deep water (Ref. 9563). Occur in association with floating Portuguese man-of-war, Physalia, feeding on its tentacles and gonads and may drift with it into shore waters with proper wind conditions (Ref. 4777). Probably also feed on other soft-bodied jellyfish as well as on zooplankton (Ref.4777).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Nomeidae. p. 1183-1188. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4777)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
CollaboratoriImmaginiStamps, Coins Misc.SuoniCiguateraVelocitàModalità di nuotoArea branchialeOtolithsCervelliVista
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.7 - 15.4, mean 10.4 (based on 658 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00147 - 0.00985), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .