Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Laeops: Greek, laios = left + Greek,ops = appearacne (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Smith & Pope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 70 - 300 m (Ref. 43239). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: including East Africa and Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43239)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 85 - 93. Mouth very small and asymmetrical, its length much shorter than eye diameter. Dentition developed only on blind side of jaws. Head small, 1/6 to 1/7 of SL. First 2 dorsal fin rays detached from others. Body with small spots.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.7 - 26.3, mean 19.9 (based on 370 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00337 - 0.01237), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .