Luciobarbus capito, Bulatmai barbel

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Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt, 1773)

Bulatmai barbel
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Image of Luciobarbus capito (Bulatmai barbel)
Luciobarbus capito
Picture by Kaya, C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性.   溫帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Caspian basin, from Volga southward to Atrek (Iran); Aral basin in Amu Darya, Syr Darya and Chu drainages.
前蘇聯與亞洲: 裡海與鹹海.(參考文獻 26334)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 105 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1441); common length : 65.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1441); 最大体重: 15.0 kg (Ref. 59043)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 4; 背的软条 (总数): 8; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 5. Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Caspian Se basin by having the following characters: predorsal length longer than postdorsal length; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; 12-18 gill rakers; back between head and dorsal origin laterally compressed, forming a keel; lateral line with 52-72 (usually 60-66) scales; and lower lip thin, without median lobe or pad (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occur in the sea, mostly close to shores and forages also in estuaries. This species is semi-anadromous and non-anadromous, rarely landlocked in reservoirs. Adults and juveniles feed on invertebrates, algae, detritus, plant material, and small fishes, while larvae prey on zooplankton and small benthic invertebrates. Spawn in lowland streams and rivers on sand-gravel bottom, usually in strong current. Undertake migration to uppermost tributaries of rivers. Non-anadromous populations begin to migrate during late summer-autumn and spawn following spring, but some enter rivers in early spring and spawn same year. Migration by non-anadromous populations takes place just before spawning to upper stretches of tributaries or spawn in lakes and reservoirs on sand to mud bottom (Ref. 59043).

发现于河了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

前蘇聯與亞洲: 裡海與鹹海.(參考文獻 26334)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A2cd); Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00306 - 0.01186), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tm=3-7; Fec=15,000-125,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .