Luciobarbus capito, Bulatmai barbel

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Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt, 1773)

Bulatmai barbel
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Luciobarbus capito
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch.   Temperate

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Caspian basin, from Volga southward to Atrek (Iran); Aral basin in Amu Darya, Syr Darya and Chu drainages.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 105 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1441); common length : 65.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1441); max. veröff. Gewicht: 15.0 kg (Ref. 59043)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 4; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8; Afterflossenstacheln 2; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 5. Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Caspian Se basin by having the following characters: predorsal length longer than postdorsal length; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; 12-18 gill rakers; back between head and dorsal origin laterally compressed, forming a keel; lateral line with 52-72 (usually 60-66) scales; and lower lip thin, without median lobe or pad (Ref. 59043).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occur in the sea, mostly close to shores and forages also in estuaries. This species is semi-anadromous and non-anadromous, rarely landlocked in reservoirs. Adults and juveniles feed on invertebrates, algae, detritus, plant material, and small fishes, while larvae prey on zooplankton and small benthic invertebrates. Spawn in lowland streams and rivers on sand-gravel bottom, usually in strong current. Undertake migration to uppermost tributaries of rivers. Non-anadromous populations begin to migrate during late summer-autumn and spawn following spring, but some enter rivers in early spring and spawn same year. Migration by non-anadromous populations takes place just before spawning to upper stretches of tributaries or spawn in lakes and reservoirs on sand to mud bottom (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  gefährdet, siehe IUCN Red List (VU) (A2cd); Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00306 - 0.01186), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (tm=3-7; Fec=15,000-125,000).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .