Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Ctenopharynx: Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx (Ref. 45335); nitidus: From the Latin "nitidus" = shining, polished, elegant (Ref. 55925).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 2 - 65 m (Ref. 55925), usually 5 - 25 m (Ref. 55925). Tropical; 9°S - 15°S
Africa: Endemic to Lake Malawi. Occurs in the south and north ends of the lake.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4981)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occurs in shallower part of the sandy shores but also found at levels below 30m (Ref. 5595), and frequents muddy/soft bottoms (Ref. 5595, 55925), but also found over rocky habitat (Ref. 55925). Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 267). Scoops up large amounts of silty sediment from the sand; commonly observed in small groups of about 5 individuals, but also forages in large schools (Ref. 55925).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maréchal, C., 1991. Ctenopharynx. p. 60-61. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4981)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .