Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Chloroscombrus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, skombros = the name of several fishes, a mackerel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Jordan, Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 33°N - 18°S, 122°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: San Pedro, southern California, USA to Peru, including the Gulf of California.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oval and strongly compressed; snout short and blunt; chest covered with scales; lateral line conspicuously curved anteriorly, with 6 to 14 very weak scutes along the caudal peduncle; lower branch of first gill arch with 9 to 12 gill rakers; body and head blue green; flanks and belly silvery; edge of operculum with very characteristic black stain; dorsal region of caudal also stained black (Ref. 55763).
Adults form schools in coastal marine and brackish waters, including lagoons with mangroves (Ref. 9283). Often make a grunting sound when captured (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh, salted and fried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.5 - 28.4, mean 25.2 (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00527 - 0.01255), b=2.93 (2.80 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .