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Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833

Bluefin trevally
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Caranx melampygus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx melampygus (Bluefin trevally)
Caranx melampygus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) 鰺科 (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 190 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 35°N - 35°S, 30°E - 78°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Ducie Island, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama (Ref. 9283). Hybrid with Caranx sexfasciatus found in Hawaii (Ref. 58422).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到迪西島, 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞。 中太平洋東部: 墨西哥到巴拿馬.(參考文獻 9283) 以被發現於夏威夷的 六帶鰺〔Caranx sexfasciatus〕 雜交。 (參考文獻 58422)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 117 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3280); 最大體重: 43.5 kg (Ref. 4699)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 21-24; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 17 - 21; 脊椎骨: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: gill rakers (including rudiments) 5-9 + 17-21 = 25-29 (usually 26-27); breast completely scaly; straight part of lateral line with 0-10 anterior scales followed by 27-42 strong scutes; adipose eyelid weakly developed, small anteriorly, posterior adipose eyelid extends onto eye to rear border of pupil in large adults; upper jaw with outer row of strong canines widely spaced in adults, and an inner band of small villiform teeth, widest at symphysis; lower limb of first gill arch jaw with a single row of strong conical teeth widely spaced in adults. Colour of adults with head and dorsal half of body brassy, suffused with blue, and covered with small blue black spots (forming at about 16 to 22 cm fork length and increasing in number with size); second dorsal, anal, and caudal fins electric blue; juveniles and young adults, head and body silvery grey and fins pale to dark dusky, except pectoral fins yellow (Ref. 9894, 90102).


頭部與身體色彩黃銅色的; 中央的鰭鐵青色; 稚魚的鰭與幼魚灰白的到暗色的, 除黃色的胸鰭。 27-42個強的鱗甲。 胸部完全覆蓋著鱗片。 胸鰭鐮刀狀的。 2根棘從臀鰭分離了。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

The most common trevally in coral reefs occurring singly or occasionally in schools (Ref. 90102). Adults are pelagic in coastal and oceanic waters, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Juveniles occur seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710) and rivers (Ref. 12792). Adults feed mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283) and crustaceans (Ref. 9710). They are often toxic when length reaches more than 50 cm (Ref. 4795). Mainly marketed fresh, but also dried or salted (Ref. 9283). They are caught primarily on hook-and-line and by spearing; also with traps and gill nets. An excellent sports fish (Ref. 9894).

一海岸的與大洋性魚種, 伴隨著礁了.(參考文獻 9283) 稚魚季節性地在水淺的沙地近岸水域出現。 (參考文獻 9710) 發現於河了。 (參考文獻 12792) 偶而形成魚群。 主要捕食其他的魚 (參考文獻 9283), 也捕食甲殼類動物.(參考文獻 9710) 時常有毒的它何時達到超過 50 公分的長度.(參考文獻 4795) 主要地在市場上銷售生鮮地了, 也乾燥或鹽醃.(參考文獻 9283)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到迪西島, 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞。 中太平洋東部: 墨西哥到巴拿馬.(參考文獻 9283) 以被發現於夏威夷的 六帶鰺〔Caranx sexfasciatus〕 雜交。 (參考文獻 58422)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 4690)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 2624 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01441 - 0.02195), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.23; tm=2; Fec=49,700).
Prior r = 0.69, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.03, Based on 3 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.