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Gymnocranius grandoculis (Valenciennes, 1830)

Blue-lined large-eye bream
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Gymnocranius grandoculis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Monotaxinae
Etymology: Gymnocranius: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, kranion = skull (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; ej vandrande; djupintervall 20 - 170 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 35°N - 28°S, 32°E - 134°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to southeastern Oceania and from Australia northward to Japan. This species has been referred to as Gymnocranius robinsoni in recent literature.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2295); common length : 64.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 37816); publicerad maxvikt: 5.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 10.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits offshore reefs (Ref. 9710), trawling grounds of the continental shelves and offshore rocky bottoms (Ref. 30573). Juveniles inshore on muddy substrates (Ref. 48635). Solitary or in small groups (Ref. 90102). Feeds mostly on bottom invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 30573). Potential commercial fish if sufficient stocks can be located (Ref. 9775). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9775); sometimes with a strong and unpleasant flavor (Ref. 11888).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Stocks
Ekologi
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Age/Size
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Length-frequencies
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.6 - 28.3, mean 26.8 (based on 971 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01172 - 0.03557), b=2.88 (2.73 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.23).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.