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Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871)

Blue grenadier
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Macruronus novaezelandiae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Blue grenadier)
Macruronus novaezelandiae
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Merlucciidae (Merluccid hakes) > Merlucciinae
Etymology: Macruronus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, onos = hake.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater benthopelagisch; oceanodroom; diepteverspreiding 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 26566), usually 200 - 700 m (Ref. 9563).   Subtropical; 15°S - 55°S, 111°E - 173°W (Ref. 58452)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southern Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 65 - 70 cm
Max length : 120 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); 130.0 cm TL (female); common length : 80.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.5 kg (Ref. 1371); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.5 kg; Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 25 jaren (Ref. 6390)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 12 - 13; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 96-106; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 89 - 93; Wervels: 78 - 81. Dorsal surface silvery, with a purple or blue-green tinge; plank and belly silvery; fins darker. Body very elongate and compressed with a tapering tail, dorsal and anal fins confluent with the caudal fin (Ref. 33856).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Appear to live usually on or near the bottom, but may occasionally move up into mid-waters. Large adult fish generally occur deeper than 400 m, while juveniles may be found in shallower water (Ref. 9072), more commonly found in large estuaries and bays, and may even enter freshwaters (Ref. 1371). Juvenile specimens and especially adults belonging to the American subspecies, have been caught from the coastal zone to 110 m (Ref. 58452). Form schools. Feed primarily on lantern fishes. In New Zealand, it feeds in midwater on small fish, crustaceans and squid. Oviparous, spawn 1 million eggs on the average which are released all at one time (Ref. 6390). Utilized fresh and frozen; can be steamed, fried, cooked in microwave and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Female blue grenadier produce about 1 million eggs on average, which are all released at once (Ref. 6390).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.8 - 12.5, mean 8 (based on 300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00236 - 0.00586), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.5 (4.7 - 8.9) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 17 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.12-0.2; tm=3-7; tmax=25; Fec = 1,000,000).
Prior r = 0.31, 95% CL = 0.20 - 0.49, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.