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Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810

Big-scale sand smelt
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Atherina boyeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)
Atherina boyeri
Picture by Otel, V.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) 銀漢魚目 (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) 銀漢魚科 (Silversides) > Atherininae
Etymology: Atherina: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 59043); 深度上下限 1 - ? m.   亞熱帶的; 53°N - 20°N, 18°W - 42°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Spain to Nouadhibou in Mauritania and Madeira, and throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Isolated populations on coasts of England and the Netherlands (Ref. 5980). Previously, two subspecies were recognized in Russian waters: Atherina boyeri pontica (Eichwald, 1838) from the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and Atherina boyeri caspia (Eichwald, 1838) from the Caspian Sea (Ref. 26334).
東大西洋: 對在茅利塔尼亞與馬得拉群島中的 Nouadhibou 的葡萄牙與西班牙, 與在地中海與黑海各處。 在英格蘭與荷蘭的海岸上的孤立的族群.(參考文獻 5980) 二個亞種在俄國水域辨認出: Atherina boyeri pontica(Eichwald,1838) 從黑海與亞速海與 Atherina boyeri caspia(Eichwald,1838) 從裡海.(參考文獻 26334)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 5.8, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30578); 最大年龄: 4 年 (Ref. 59043)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 7 - 10; 背的软条 (总数): 8-16; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 18. Eye diameter wider than snout length (Ref. 35388).
眼直径比吻的长度宽。 (参考文献 35388)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A very euryhaline species, where adults are frequently found in brackish waters and more sporadically in freshwater (Ref. 3788), preferring still or slow flowing waters in freshwater (Ref. 59043). They are found in lower parts of rivers, estuaries, coastal lakes and sea; pelagic in lakes (Ref. 59043). Adults occur in great schools. They are carnivorous, feeding on small crustaceans, worms, mollusks (Ref. 5980) and fish larvae (Ref. 35388) in lakes and estuaries, and on benthos in rivers (Ref. 59043). Can usually live 1 to 2 years, rarely up to 4 years. Some populations undergo spawning migrations into estuaries. Mature individuals are fractional spawners, larger individuals spawn for a longer period. Eggs are demersal, with long hairy appendages attaching them to the substrate consisting of filamentous algae, often at depths of 2 to 6 m. Larvae are pelagic often forming schools close to the shores (Ref. 59043).

最广盐性种类, 时常是发现于半咸淡水域与更偶而在淡水中.(参考文献 3788) 出现于大的鱼群。 肉食性, 吃小型甲壳动物,蠕虫,软件动物 (参考文献 5980) 与仔鱼。 (参考文献 35388)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 對在茅利塔尼亞與馬得拉群島中的 Nouadhibou 的葡萄牙與西班牙, 與在地中海與黑海各處。 在英格蘭與荷蘭的海岸上的孤立的族群.(參考文獻 5980) 二個亞種在俄國水域辨認出: Atherina boyeri pontica(Eichwald,1838) 從黑海與亞速海與 Atherina boyeri caspia(Eichwald,1838) 從裡海.(參考文獻 26334)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Dyer, Brian S. | 合作者

Maugé, L.A., 1990. Atherinidae. p. 604-605. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4499)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.9 - 21, mean 18.3 (based on 136 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00454 - 0.00665), b=3.07 (3.01 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.8; tm=1; tmax=4;).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.38 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.