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Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Japanese anchovy
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Image of Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)
Engraulis japonicus
Picture by Zsilavecz, G.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Engraulis: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; ocanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 0 - 400 m (Ref. 50550).   Temperate; 8°C - 30°C (Ref. 56557); 49°N - 2°N, 105°E - 155°E (Ref. 54432)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref. 189).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - 11 cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 56527); common length : 14.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 56527); poids max. publié: 45.00 g (Ref. 56527); âge max. reporté: 4 années (Ref. 56527)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 12-14; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 13 - 18. Differs very little from the European anchovy (see E. encrasicolus) and can be identified from that description. Of other anchovies found in the southern part of its distribution, only species of Encrasicholina and Stolephorus are of similar appearance, but all have small spine-like pre-pelvic scutes (usually 2 to 7 scutes). Thryssa have compressed bodies and a keel of scutes along belly.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115). Feeds on copepods, but also on other small crustaceans, molluscan larvae, fish eggs and larvae and diatoms. Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil (Ref. 12484).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 May 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; appât: usually
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.1 - 23.3, mean 18.4 (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00293 - 0.00783), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (K=1.05; tm=1-2; tmax=3).
Prior r = 1.18, 95% CL = 0.78 - 1.76, Based on 7 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.