Could be a complex of 5 species (Robertson, oral presentation IPFC9, 26 June 2013).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 20 m (Ref. 26938). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Cuba (Ref. 26340) and the Bahamas. Also Navassa Island (Ref. 50108).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5521)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits coral reefs (Ref. 5521).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.5 (based on 571 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00199 - 0.01208), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .