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Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Malabar blood snapper
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Lutjanus malabaricus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 12 - 100 m (Ref. 55).   Tropical; 33°N - 33°S, 43°E - 178°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. This species has been frequently misidentified as Lutjanus sanguineus (Ref. 55). There are unsubstantiated reports of this species from off East Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 57.6, range 54 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 55); common length : 50.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 55); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 7.9 kg (Ref. 4699); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 31 jaren (Ref. 46527)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 11; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 12-14; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body relatively deep; greatest depth 2.2-2.8 in SL; mouth large, maxilla length about equal to distance between bases of last dorsal- and anal-fin rays; preopercular notch and knob poorly developed; vomerine tooth patch crescentic or triangular, without a medial posterior extension; gill rakers of first gill arch 4-7 + 12-14 = 18-20 (including rudiments); caudal fin truncate. Colour of back and sides red or red-orange, lighter on lower parts; fins reddish; juveniles with a broad, oblique band of brown or black from upper jaw to beginning of dorsal fin, and a prominent black band across caudal peduncle with a pearly white anterior border, similar to L. timorensis but without the black pectoral-fin axil; young also with a series of narrow reddish horizontal lines (sometimes absent) on sides (Ref. 9821, 90102).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit both coastal and offshore reefs. They tend to be associated with sponge and gorgonian-dominated habitats on the North West Shelf (Ref. 28006), and hard mud areas of the Arafura Sea. In Australia, they frequently form mixed shoals with L. erythropterus. Juveniles tend to inhabit shallow inshore waters and larger fish live in deeper waters (Ref. 27260, 27264). Feed mainly on fishes, with small amounts of benthic crustaceans, cephalopods and other benthic invertebrates (Ref. 6390). They forage mostly at night (Ref. 6390). Caught mainly with handlines, bottom longlines, and bottom trawls (Ref. 9821). Marketed fresh, dried-salted (Ref. 55) and frozen (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Are batch or serial spawners (Ref. 28009).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.8 - 28.6, mean 27.5 (based on 745 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01361 - 0.01762), b=2.98 (2.95 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.12-0.18; tmax=12; Fec=5,000,000).
Prior r = 0.28, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.49, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.