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Tenualosa macrura (Bleeker, 1852)

Longtail shad
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Tenualosa macrura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Tenualosa macrura (Longtail shad)
Tenualosa macrura
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Tenualosa: Latin, tenuis = thin + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   熱帶; 7°N - 9°S, 101°E - 119°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia (Java Sea and Sarawak, also affluent rivers) and Thailand (southern tip).
中西太平洋: 馬來西亞,印尼 (爪哇海與砂勞越, 也支流) 與泰國 (最南端).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0. Body moderately deep, belly with 30 to 31 scutes. A median notch on upper jaw distinguishes it from other similar clupeids, except Hilsa kelee. Gill rakers fine but not numerous. Caudal fin long, the lobes long and pointed. No series of dark spots along flank. Resembles T. toli, which has longer head but shorter tail; T. reevesii has many more lower gill rakers and a larger head.
身体中等纵深的, 腹面有 30 到 31个鳞甲。 除了 Hilsa kelee 以外,在上颌上的一个中央的凹槽区别它与其他的相似鲱鱼。 鳃耙细的但是不是很多。 尾鳍长的, 叶长而尖的。 没有成列的深色斑点沿着侧面。 与 T. toli 相似, 有较长的头部但是较短的尾部; T. reevesii 有更多下鳃耙与一个较大的头部。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Schooling in coastal waters and ascending rivers to breed. Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 58784). Presumably its biology is similar to that of T. ilisha, but the fewer gillrakers suggest that it takes larger food organisms. A protandrous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

群游于沿岸水域而且溯溪产卵。 它的生物学特性是推测为类似 T. ilisha, 但是较少的鳃耙显示出,它捕食较大的猎物。 一个雄性先熟的雌雄同体.(参考文献 55367)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

A monandric species (Ref. 55367). Sex change occurs at a length of 19.0 cm TL and 0.9 year of age (Ref. 55367).中西太平洋: 馬來西亞,印尼 (爪哇海與砂勞越, 也支流) 與泰國 (最南端).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  临近濒危 (NT) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.8 (based on 266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00443 - 0.01965), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Assuming fec >10,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.