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Tenualosa macrura (Bleeker, 1852)

Longtail shad
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Tenualosa macrura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Tenualosa macrura (Longtail shad)
Tenualosa macrura
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Tenualosa: Latin, tenuis = thin + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; zoetwater; brakwater; anadroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   Tropical; 7°N - 9°S, 101°E - 119°E (Ref. 188)

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Western Central Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia (Java Sea and Sarawak, also affluent rivers) and Thailand (southern tip).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 188)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0. Body moderately deep, belly with 30 to 31 scutes. A median notch on upper jaw distinguishes it from other similar clupeids, except Hilsa kelee. Gill rakers fine but not numerous. Caudal fin long, the lobes long and pointed. No series of dark spots along flank. Resembles T. toli, which has longer head but shorter tail; T. reevesii has many more lower gill rakers and a larger head.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Schooling in coastal waters and ascending rivers to breed. Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 58784). Presumably its biology is similar to that of T. ilisha, but the fewer gillrakers suggest that it takes larger food organisms. A protandrous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

A monandric species (Ref. 55367). Sex change occurs at a length of 19.0 cm TL and 0.9 year of age (Ref. 55367).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28.2 - 29.1, mean 28.8 (based on 266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00443 - 0.01965), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Assuming fec >10,000).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.