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Tenualosa ilisha (Hamilton, 1822)

Hilsa shad
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Tenualosa ilisha   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Tenualosa ilisha (Hilsa shad)
Tenualosa ilisha
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Tenualosa: Latin, tenuis = thin + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 ? - 200 m.   熱帶; 34°N - 5°N, 42°E - 97°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf eastward to Myanmar, including western and eastern coasts of India. Reported from the Gulf of Tonkin, Viet Nam (Ref. 9706). Reported in Tigris River basin and probably other rivers of southern Iran (Ref. 39702).
印度洋: 波斯灣向東至緬甸,包括印度的西岸與東岸。 記錄來自越南的東京灣了。 (參考文獻 9706) 在底格里斯河流域與伊朗南部的可能其他河中報告。 (參考文獻 39702)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 41.5, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); common length : 36.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4832); common length :42 cm TL (female); 最大体重: 680.00 g (Ref. 4832); 最大体重: 680.00 g; 最大年龄: 5 年 (Ref. 43871)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 18-21; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 18 - 23. Belly with 30 to 33 scutes. Distinct median notch in upper jaw. Gill rakers fine and numerous, about 100 to 250 on lower part of arch. Fins hyaline. A dark blotch behind gill opening, followed by a series of small spots along flank in juveniles. Color in life, silver shot with gold and purple.
腹面有 30 到 33个鳞甲。 在上颌中明显的中央凹槽。 鳃耙细且多, 大约 100 到 250 在弓的较下面的部位上。 鳍透明的。 被跟随着一系列的小斑点的一个黑色斑块在后鳃裂在稚鱼中沿着侧面。 颜色活着时, 用黄金与紫色的银色注射。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Schooling in coastal waters and ascending rivers for as much as 1200 km (usually 50-100 km). Migration though is sometimes restricted by barrages. Hilsa far up the Ganges and other large rivers seem to be permanent river populations. Feeds on plankton, mainly by filtering, but apparently also by grubbing on muddy bottoms. Breeds mainly in rivers during the southwest monsoon (also from January to February to March). Artificial propagation has been partially successful in India (Ref. 4832). Known to be a fast swimmer, covering 71 km in one day (Ref. 12203). Marketed fresh or dried-salted.

群游于沿岸水域而且溯河高达 1200 公里.(通常 50- 100 公里) 迁移虽然有时被障碍限制。 Hilsa 向上远达恒河,而且其他的大河似乎是永久的河川族群。 吃浮游生物,主要地藉着过滤, 但是显然地也藉着翻掘在泥底部上。 在西南季风的时候主要在河中繁殖。 (也从一月到二月到三月) 人工繁殖在印度已经部份成功。 (参考文献 4832) 已知是一位快速的游泳者, 包含的 71 公里在一天内.(参考文献 12203) 在市场上销售生鲜地了或乾燥盐腌。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Breeds mainly in rivers, upstream to about 50 km or even over 1000 km as in the Ganges (younger fishes may breed in the tidal zone of rivers). In some rivers the migration is restricted by barrages; there is some evidence that hilsa far up the Ganges and other large rivers, although migrating upstream to spawn, are permanent river populations that do not descend to the sea. The main breeding season is during the southwest monsoon, with a shorter season from January to February or March.印度洋: 波斯灣向東至緬甸,包括印度的西岸與東岸。 記錄來自越南的東京灣了。 (參考文獻 9706) 在底格里斯河流域與伊朗南部的可能其他河中報告。 (參考文獻 39702)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 养殖: 实验的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.3 - 28, mean 24.7 (based on 224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00817 - 0.01066), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.3-1.2; tmax=5; Fec=220,000).
Prior r = 0.59, 95% CL = 0.39 - 0.89, Based on 4 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.