分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Stolothrissa: Greek, stole = suit + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水 外洋の; 深さの範囲 8 - 60 m. Tropical; 1°S - 10°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 28136); in the Lukuga River (connecting the lake with the Lualaba River) known up to Kisimba-Kilia Falls (Ref. 93587).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 7.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4967); common length : 7.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 188)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 12-18; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 16 - 27. Body slender. Pre-pelvic scute not strongly keeled, beginning behind base of last pectoral fin ray. Maxilla blade about 2.25 times as long as its shaft, but not continued forward to hind tip of pre-maxilla; second supra-maxilla diamond-shaped or more or less rhomboidal, approximately symmetrical. Lower gill rakers long and slender. A silver stripe along flanks. Snout narrow, appears concave when viewed from above.
A lacustrine species forming very large schools. Juveniles tend to stay closer to shore than those 5 cm SL or more. They appear to stay below about 60 m by day, rising up to 8-15 m at night, especially on dark nights. Adults feed on plankton. They breed at about 6 cm SL, with ripe individuals present almost throughout the year, but major spawning in May and June and again in December and January. Adults move inshore to breed. The eggs sink slowly.
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00168 - 0.01136), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=1.62-2.66).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .