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Dentiraja australis (Macleay, 1884)

Sydney skate
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Dentiraja australis
Female picture by Kyne, P.M.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
  More on author: Macleay.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 20 - 325 m (Ref. 114953).   亞熱帶的; 27°S - 36°S, 150°E - 154°E (Ref. 114953)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Pacific: endemic to eastern Australia.
西太平洋: 澳洲的特有種。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 43 - 48 cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 114953)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 6871, 75154). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules measure 5.7 cm long and 3.2 cm wide (Ref. 41308). Males reaches maturity at 43-48 cm TL. Biology poorly known; probably have suffered population declines in recent years (Ref. 114953).

栖息于大陆架了。 (参考文献 6871) 卵生的。 明显的成对出现。 幼鱼可能倾向跟随大的个体, 例如他们的母亲.(参考文献 205) 卵为长方形鞘囊具有僵硬的触角沈积在沙滩或泥滩的角落.(参考文献 205) 卵鞘测量 5.7 公分长与 3.2 公分宽的.(参考文献 41308)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).西太平洋: 澳洲的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A2bd+4bd); Date assessed: 06 November 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

另外地 (Ref. 10311)





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.6 - 21.4, mean 20 (based on 8 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00271 - 0.01168), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Fec assumed to be <100).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .