Escualosa thoracata, White sardine : fisheries

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Escualosa thoracata (Valenciennes, 1847)

White sardine
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Escualosa thoracata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Escualosa thoracata (White sardine)
Escualosa thoracata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Escualosa: Latin, squaleus, squalidus = with rough skin + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   热带; 27°N - 22°S, 64°E - 151°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: northern Indian Ocean (Karachi eastward to Rangoon) to Thailand, Indonesia (Java Sea), the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Australia.
印度-西太平洋: 印度洋北部 (喀拉蚩向东至仰光) 到泰国,印度尼西亚 (爪哇海) ,菲律宾,巴布亚新几内亚与澳洲。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); common length : 8.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); 最大年龄: 1 年 (Ref. 43081)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 13-21; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 19. Belly strongly keeled. The almost rectangular second supra-maxilla and the bright silver stripe along the flank distinguish it from juveniles of Sardinella, Amblygaster and Herklotsichthys. Resembles some pellonulines with a silver stripe, but they lack a first supra-maxilla. Distinguished from E. elongata of the Gulf of Thailand but its deeper body and broader silver stripe.
腹面有明显的龙骨。 几乎矩形的第二个上颚骨与亮银色斑纹沿着侧面区别它和 沙丁鱼, Amblygaster Herklotsichthys 的稚鱼. 与一些 pellonulines 具有一个银色的斑纹,但是他们缺乏一个第一个上颚骨相似。 与泰国湾的 E. elongata 区分了但是它的比较深身体与比较宽的银色斑纹。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Forms schools in shallow waters, the juveniles apparently entering the lower parts of rivers, but returning later to the sea. Feeds on both zooplankton (copepods, crab zoea, larvae of bivalves and fish eggs) and phytoplankton. Breeds from October to February (mainly November to January) off western coast of India, usually in relatively shallow inshore waters. Marketed fresh and dried-salted.

形成鱼群在浅水区中, 稚鱼显然地进入河的下面部份, 但是回车较迟的到海洋。 吃浮游动物 (桡脚类的动物,螃蟹海蟹幼虫,二枚贝幼生与鱼卵) 和浮游植物。 来自十月到二月 (主要地十一月到一月) 的繁殖印度的外海西岸, 通常在相当浅的近岸水域。 在市场上销售生鲜或乾渍了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 印度洋北部 (喀拉蚩向东至仰光) 到泰国,印度尼西亚 (爪哇海) ,菲律宾,巴布亚新几内亚与澳洲。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.7 - 29.1, mean 28.4 (based on 1160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00533 - 0.01299), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (tmax=1).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.