Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cercamia: Greek, kerkos = tail + Greek, amia = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Cocos-Keeling, Christmas Island, northwestern Australia, Great Barrier Reef, and Palau (Ref. 37816). Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 12 - 13. Reddish brown pigment on the snout and cheek, clear fins, and deciduous scales (Ref. 37816). Two pairs of epipleural ribs, no predorsal bones, and hypurals 1-4 are fused into a double fan-shaped structure; 9+15 vertebrae. Transparent with no obvious markings (Ref. 10632).
Inhabits clear seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Solitary; inhabits deep caves and crevices during day (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1999. Apogonidae. Cardinalfishes. p. 2602-2610. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome, FAO. 2069-2790 p. (Ref. 39191)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 28.8, mean 27.6 (based on 440 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00729 - 0.03291), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .