Spratelloides delicatulus, Delicate round herring : fisheries, bait

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Spratelloides delicatulus (Bennett, 1832)

Delicate round herring
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Spratelloides delicatulus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spratelloides delicatulus (Delicate round herring)
Spratelloides delicatulus
Picture by Winterbottom, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Spratelloides: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bennett.

Issue
The species in the genera Spratelloides Bleeker, 1851 and Jenkinsia Jordan & Evermann, 1896 should most probably be assigned to a separated family from Clupeidae and Dussumieriidae (Lavoué, pers. comm., July 2013). See a preliminary analysis in Lavoué et al. (2013: Ref. 93878).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   Tropical; 40°N - 29°S, 29°E - 143°W (Ref. 188)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Society Islands (but not the Tuamoto and Marquesas islands), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Single specimen from eastern Mediterranean (Tel-Aviv, Israel).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 10 - 11. No bright silver along band flanks, maxilla toothless; pre-maxillae triangular, 2 supra-maxillae, second supra-maxilla paddle-shaped and symmetrical; vertical striate on scales meeting at center, posterior margin of scales smooth, pre-dorsal scales 8 to 13; W-shaped pelvic scute, few branchiostegal rays (6 or 7).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Pelagic (Ref. 68964). Usually an inshore schooling species, inhabiting relatively clear coastal waters, lagoons, and along reef margins. Feeds near surface on plankton. Found in large schools (Ref. 9710). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Marketed fresh or dried-salted (Ref. 5213) and used as tuna baitfish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; bete: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
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Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
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Behandling
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
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Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1228 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00232 - 0.00859), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (K=2.7-12.2; Fec=524; tm=0.14).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.