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Spratelloides delicatulus (Bennett, 1832)

Delicate round herring
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Spratelloides delicatulus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spratelloides delicatulus (Delicate round herring)
Spratelloides delicatulus
Picture by Winterbottom, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Spratelloides: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bennett.

Issue
The species in the genera Spratelloides Bleeker, 1851 and Jenkinsia Jordan & Evermann, 1896 should most probably be assigned to a separated family from Clupeidae and Dussumieriidae (Lavoué, pers. comm., July 2013). See a preliminary analysis in Lavoué et al. (2013: Ref. 93878).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   熱帶; 40°N - 29°S, 29°E - 143°W (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Society Islands (but not the Tuamoto and Marquesas islands), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Single specimen from eastern Mediterranean (Tel-Aviv, Israel).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到社會群島 (但是不是 Tuamoto 與馬貴斯群島), 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲北部。 來自地中海東部 (以色列的臺拉維夫) 的單一標本.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 11. No bright silver along band flanks, maxilla toothless; pre-maxillae triangular, 2 supra-maxillae, second supra-maxilla paddle-shaped and symmetrical; vertical striate on scales meeting at center, posterior margin of scales smooth, pre-dorsal scales 8 to 13; W-shaped pelvic scute, few branchiostegal rays (6 or 7).
没有亮银色沿着条纹侧面,颚骨无齿的; 前颚三角形的,2个上颚, 第二个上颚骨桨状的与对称的; 在鳞片上的垂直的陷纹在中心碰到, 鳞片的后缘平滑的, 前背部的鳞片 8 到 13; W 形的腹鳍鳞甲, 少数鳃条骨.(6 或 7)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Pelagic (Ref. 68964). Usually an inshore schooling species, inhabiting relatively clear coastal waters, lagoons, and along reef margins. Feeds near surface on plankton. Found in large schools (Ref. 9710). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Marketed fresh or dried-salted (Ref. 5213) and used as tuna baitfish.

通常一个近海群游性种, 居住于相当清澈的沿岸水域,泻湖, 而且沿着礁区边缘。 在水表捕食浮游生物。 发现于大群鱼群了。 (参考文献 9710) 在市场上销售生鲜鱼肉或乾燥盐腌 (参考文献 5213) 而且使用如鲔鱼诱饵鱼。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到社會群島 (但是不是 Tuamoto 與馬貴斯群島), 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲北部。 來自地中海東部 (以色列的臺拉維夫) 的單一標本.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 诱饵: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1228 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00232 - 0.00859), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=2.7-12.2; Fec=524; tm=0.14).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.