Some information are attached to E. jacksoniensis Macleay, 1878, a synonym of Etrumeus (Ref. 93002).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sinh thái học
; Biển; Ở đại duơng, biển (Ref. 51243); Mức độ sâu 0 - 125 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical
Restricted to the northwestern Atlantic: from the Bay of Fundy to the Gulf of Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age
Maturity: Lm 16.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 56557); common length : 25.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 56557)
Các tia vây lưng cứng (tổng cộng): 0; Các vây lưng mềm (tổng cộng): 15-18; Tia cứng vây hậu môn 0; Tia mềm vây hậu môn: 10 - 13. Some variation in body depth and certain meristic characters; without pre- and post-pelvic scutes; W-shaped pelvic scute; pelvic fins less advanced. Distinguished from E. whiteheadi of southern African waters by having fewer anal fin rays and the pelvic fin base about 1/3 eye diameter. Isthmus with lateral flanges or shoulders (Ref. 188). Silvery with an olive green back. Scales deciduous (Ref. 7251). Also Ref. 3259.
Mainly inshore but has been occasionally taken 120 km from the Ecuador coast (Ref. 9291); also occur on shelf edge or surface (Ref. 11230), and between 50-150m (Ref. 028016). Usually occur in large schools (Ref. 2850). Epipelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed mainly on euphausiids and copepods (Ref. 9291). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35601). Marketed fresh, salted and canned. Also processed into fishmeal (Ref. 9291).
DiBattista, J.D., J.E. Randall and B.W. Bowen, 2012. Review of the round herrings of the genus Etrumeus (Clupeidae: Dussumieriinae) of Africa, with descriptions of two new species. Cybium 36(3):447-460. (Ref. 91762)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Các nghề cá: tính thương mại cao
Các công cụ
Các nguồn internet
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.3 - 26.7, mean 20.3 (based on 800 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5098 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00278 - 0.01086), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Thích nghi nhanh (Ref. 69278
): Trung bình, thời gian nhân đôi của chủng quần tối thiểu là 1.4 - 4.4 năm (K=0.13-0.8; tm=1.7; tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .