Some information are attached to E. jacksoniensis Macleay, 1878, a synonym of Etrumeus (Ref. 93002).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 125 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical
Restricted to the northwestern Atlantic: from the Bay of Fundy to the Gulf of Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 16.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 56557); common length : 25.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 56557)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais moles (total): 15-18; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 10 - 13. Some variation in body depth and certain meristic characters; without pre- and post-pelvic scutes; W-shaped pelvic scute; pelvic fins less advanced. Distinguished from E. whiteheadi of southern African waters by having fewer anal fin rays and the pelvic fin base about 1/3 eye diameter. Isthmus with lateral flanges or shoulders (Ref. 188). Silvery with an olive green back. Scales deciduous (Ref. 7251). Also Ref. 3259.
Mainly inshore but has been occasionally taken 120 km from the Ecuador coast (Ref. 9291); also occur on shelf edge or surface (Ref. 11230), and between 50-150m (Ref. 028016). Usually occur in large schools (Ref. 2850). Epipelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed mainly on euphausiids and copepods (Ref. 9291). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35601). Marketed fresh, salted and canned. Also processed into fishmeal (Ref. 9291).
DiBattista, J.D., J.E. Randall and B.W. Bowen, 2012. Review of the round herrings of the genus Etrumeus (Clupeidae: Dussumieriinae) of Africa, with descriptions of two new species. Cybium 36(3):447-460. (Ref. 91762)
Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Ameaça para o homem
Pescarias: altamente comercial
ColaboradoresFotografiasStamps, Coins Misc.SonsCiguateraVelocidadeTipo de nataçãoÁrea branquialOutras referênciasCérebrosVisão
Fontes da internet
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.3 - 26.7, mean 20.3 (based on 800 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5098 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00278 - 0.01086), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278
): Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.13-0.8; tm=1.7; tmax=5).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .