Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish. More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 20 - 200 m (Ref. 9626), usually 80 - 150 m (Ref. 55). Subtropical; 42°N - 3°S, 100°W - 40°W (Ref. 55227)
Western Atlantic: as far north as North Carolina, USA and Bermuda south to Trinidad and northern Brazil; including the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 9626). Very common in the Caribbean, particularly the Antilles.
Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm 31.0, range 21 - 25 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9710); common length : 50.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 55); peso massimo pubblicato: 14.0 kg (Ref. 9710)
Spine dorsali (totale): 10; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 14; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 8. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Mainly scarlet red, silvery on lower sides and belly; fins are yellowish to orange. A prominent black blotch is at the base and in axil of pectoral fins.
Adults inhabit deeper waters over sandy or rocky bottoms and near drop-offs and ledges. Young occur in shallower water, often between about 35 and 50 m. Feed mainly on fishes. Good food fish, it is marketed mostly fresh (Ref. 55).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 55)
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18 - 26.2, mean 22.3 (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.01304 - 0.01678), b=2.97 (2.94 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278
): Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (K=0.10-0.70).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .