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Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775)

Two-spot red snapper
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 4 - 180 m (Ref. 37816), usually 10 - 70 m (Ref. 30573).   热带; 31°N - 33°S, 31°E - 128°W (Ref. 55)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesas and Line islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia. More common around oceanic islands than in continental areas.
印度-太平洋: 东非到马可萨斯岛与列岛群岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至澳洲。 更普遍大洋性岛屿的周围超过在大陆的区域中。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 42.9, range 39 - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9987); common length : 76.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 37816); 最大体重: 12.5 kg (Ref. 4699); 最大年龄: 55 年 (Ref. 72420)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 10; 背的软条 (总数): 13-14; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: moderately deep body, its greatest depth 2.4-2.9 in SL; distinct groove or pit from nostrils to the front of the eye; preopercular notch and knob moderately developed; vomerine tooth patch narrow crescentic, without a medial posterior extension; gill rakers of first gill arch 6-7 + 16 = 22-23 (including rudiments). Colour of body dark reddish-brown with faint dark stripes; young and some adults with two silvery-white spots on back; pectoral fins pink with dorsal edge prominently black; juveniles sometimes have caudal end of body and the tail white. mimicking Chromis damselfishes (Ref. 9821, 90102).
吻略微尖的。 头部的背面轮廓圆的。 眶前骨相当宽的; 它的宽度通常大于眼直径。 一个深沟或凹洞从鼻孔到眼睛前方。 前鳃盖骨凹槽与疖瘤适度发展的。 鳞片列背面斜向上升在侧联机面。 幼鱼与一些成鱼有二个银白色斑点背面。 大的成鱼大部份全红色.(参考文献 48635)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coral reefs, including sheltered lagoons and outer reefs (Ref. 30573). Usually found singly, often adjacent to steep outer reef slopes, but occasionally found in groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on fishes, but also take shrimps, crabs, amphipods, stomatopods, gastropods and urochordates. Large fish from oceanic areas in the western Pacific are often ciguatoxic, e.g., in Tuvalu (Ref. 9513). Caught mainly with handlines and bottom longlines (Ref. 9821). Utilized fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9987). Juveniles mimic Chromis damselfishes (Ref. 90102).

栖息于珊瑚礁, 包括有掩蔽的泻湖与外海岩礁。 (参考文献 30573) 通常单独地发现, 时常邻近陡峭的外礁斜坡, 但是偶然形成鱼群.(参考文献 9710) 主要吃鱼, 也捕食虾,螃蟹,片脚类动物,口足目甲壳类,腹足动物与海鞘类。 在图瓦卢,来自西太平洋的海洋性地区的大的鱼时常是有西加毒的,例如。 (参考文献 9513) 生鲜使用与乾燥盐腌.(参考文献 9987) 在香港活鱼贩售。 (参考文献 27253)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 东非到马可萨斯岛与列岛群岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至澳洲。 更普遍大洋性岛屿的周围超过在大陆的区域中。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(养殖: 产生; 渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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养殖信息
品种
遗传学
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声音
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脑重体重比
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 29, mean 28 (based on 2402 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00823 - 0.01926), b=3.00 (2.88 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.11-0.33; tmax=13).
Prior r = 0.41, 95% CL = 0.23 - 0.71, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.