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Sarotherodon occidentalis (Daget, 1962)

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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bottenlevande.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: coastal areas from the Casamance River (Senegal) to the Saint John River (Liberia) (Ref. 53405).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7378)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 16 - 18; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 12-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: 29-31 total dorsal-fin rays; upper profile of snout strongly arched; head length 31.0-35.0% SL; 30-32 lateral line scales (Ref. 53405). 2 complete rows of scales on cheek (Ref. 2, 53405). Toothed area of lower pharyngeal bone with concave sides; snout and cheek purple; iris orange; nape and upper part of body soiled yellowish; posterior dorsal lappets and upper edge of soft dorsal watery pink; few vague dark spots on soft dorsal and center of caudal; pelvic ending in short white filament (Ref. 2).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Ovophilic; mouthbrooder, possibly the male incubates the eggs (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Females employ mouthbrooding to care for the young (Ref. 164).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Near Threatened (NT) ; Date assessed: 28 July 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.