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Sarotherodon occidentalis (Daget, 1962)

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Sarotherodon occidentalis
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce demersale.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Africa: coastal areas from the Casamance River (Senegal) to the Saint John River (Liberia) (Ref. 53405).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 7378)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 16 - 18; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 12-13; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: 29-31 total dorsal-fin rays; upper profile of snout strongly arched; head length 31.0-35.0% SL; 30-32 lateral line scales (Ref. 53405). 2 complete rows of scales on cheek (Ref. 2, 53405). Toothed area of lower pharyngeal bone with concave sides; snout and cheek purple; iris orange; nape and upper part of body soiled yellowish; posterior dorsal lappets and upper edge of soft dorsal watery pink; few vague dark spots on soft dorsal and center of caudal; pelvic ending in short white filament (Ref. 2).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Ovophilic; mouthbrooder, possibly the male incubates the eggs (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Females employ mouthbrooding to care for the young (Ref. 164).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaboratori

Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Near Threatened (NT) ; Date assessed: 28 July 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.2   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.