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Himantura fluviatilis (Hamilton, 1822)

Ganges stingray
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Image of Himantura fluviatilis (Ganges stingray)
Himantura fluviatilis
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Himantura: Greek, iman, imantos = thong, strap + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; süßwasser; brackwasser demersal; potamodrom (Ref. 51243).   Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Asia: Gangetic river system. Possibly in the Bay of Bengal and the Fly river system in New Guinea. Status is uncertain, close to Himantura chaophraya. Validity of this species questioned in Compagno's 1999 checklist (Ref. 35766).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4832)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits rivers. Also found in shallow bays and estuaries in the Bay of Bengal. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00366 - 0.01891), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Assuming Fec<10).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.