Umbrina cirrosa, Shi drum : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shi drum
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Umbrina cirrosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Umbrina cirrosa (Shi drum)
Umbrina cirrosa
Picture by De Sanctis, A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Umbrina: Latin, umbra, -ae = shadow, in the sense of phantom; due to its quick movements (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; rango de profundidad 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3593).   Subtropical; 50°N - 30°N, 18°W - 42°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Gibraltar to southern Morocco, including the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Records south of Morocco have not been supported with descriptions.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 40637); common length : 40.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3593); peso máximo publicado: 3.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Radios blandos dorsales (total): 22-23

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Found over rocky and sandy bottoms in coastal waters. Juveniles enter estuaries. Feed on bottom invertebrates.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Group synchronous oocytes. A multiple-batch spawner (Ref. 109248).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: escaso valor comercial; Acuicultura: experimental; pesca deportiva: si
FAO(Acuicultura: produccin; pesquerías: produccin; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 21, mean 18 (based on 276 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00565 - 0.01406), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (K=0.28).
Prior r = 0.99, 95% CL = 0.65 - 1.48, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.