Umbrina cirrosa, Shi drum : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shi drum
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Umbrina cirrosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Umbrina cirrosa (Shi drum)
Umbrina cirrosa
Picture by De Sanctis, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers) 石首魚科 (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Umbrina: Latin, umbra, -ae = shadow, in the sense of phantom; due to its quick movements (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3593).   亞熱帶的; 50°N - 30°N, 18°W - 42°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Gibraltar to southern Morocco, including the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Records south of Morocco have not been supported with descriptions.
東大西洋: 比斯開灣與直布羅陀到摩洛哥南部, 包括地中海,黑海與亞速海。 摩洛哥記錄南方不與描述一起支撐。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3593); 最大体重: 3.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 22-23

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found over rocky and sandy bottoms in coastal waters. Juveniles enter estuaries. Feed on bottom invertebrates.

在沿岸水域中发现在岩质与砂质底部上了。 稚鱼进入河口。 吃底栖无脊椎动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Group synchronous oocytes. A multiple-batch spawner (Ref. 109248).東大西洋: 比斯開灣與直布羅陀到摩洛哥南部, 包括地中海,黑海與亞速海。 摩洛哥記錄南方不與描述一起支撐。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 养殖: 实验的; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(养殖: 产生; 渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 21, mean 18 (based on 276 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00565 - 0.01406), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.28).
Prior r = 0.99, 95% CL = 0.65 - 1.48, Based on 2 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.