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Pateobatis fai (Jordan & Seale, 1906)

Pink whipray
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Pateobatis fai
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
  More on authors: Jordan & Seale.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 0 - 200 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 9°N - 26°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: widespread, from South Africa to the central Pacific Islands, north to Japan (Okinawa). Frequently confused with Himantura jenkinsii (Ref. 9840).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 115.4, range 120 - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 40637); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 18.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Uniformly tan to brownish pink dorsally. Inhabits lagoon and seaward sand flats from the intertidal to at least 200 m. Occurs in large aggregations (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in aggregations over soft bottoms of the inner continental shelf, often near coral reefs (Ref. 9840). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Size at birth at about 55 cm WD (Ref. 6871). Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and molluscs (Ref. 89972). Common catch of the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl and, to a lesser extend, longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat, skin (high value) and cartilage (Ref.58048). By-catch of prawn trawlers (Ref. 6871).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Size at birth ~ 55 cm WD (Ref.58048).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Mould, B., 1994. A world list of rays. The scientific nomenclature and distribution of the recent Batoidea (Batoidea, Elasmobranchii, Chondrichthyes). University of Nottingham, [UK]. 82 p. (Ref. 8630)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 22 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Venomous





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28.2, mean 26.7 (based on 471 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00165 - 0.00727), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Assuming fecundity<100).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.