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Sphoeroides testudineus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Checkered puffer
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Sphoeroides testudineus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphoeroides testudineus (Checkered puffer)
Sphoeroides testudineus
Juvenile picture by Gasparini, J.L.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Sphoeroides: Greek, sphaira = ball + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall ? - 48 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 42°N - 35°S, 98°W - 34°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic to Southwest Atlantic: Rhode Island, USA to southeastern Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 10.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.8 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 26340); common length : 20.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3821); publicerad maxvikt: 400.00 g (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-12; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 11. Greenish above, pale yellow to white below; back has series of pale lines and arcs suggesting concentric circles with intersecting lines. No other puffer has this color pattern (Ref. 26938).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Commonly found in bays, tidal creeks and protected coastal waters, especially on seagrass beds, and in brackish water. Rare or absent on coral reefs. Does not form schools, but may form huge aggregates. Hides in the sand when frightened (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on bivalves, gastropods, foraminiferans and several other benthic invertebrates specially crustaceans, which it crushes with its powerful teeth (Ref. 35237). To ward off predators, it inflates itself like a balloon. Highly toxic; used to poison cats and dogs (Ref. 2861).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Spawning season is from late spring to early fall at Biscayne Bay, Florida. Mean length at first maturity is over 13 cm TL.

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Medarbetare

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 3821)





Human uses

Fiskeri: saknar intresse
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.6 (based on 472 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01777 - 0.02694), b=2.91 (2.85 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (K=0.51; rel. fec=1.146 eggs/ g body weight).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .