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Sphoeroides testudineus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Checkered puffer
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Native range
Reviewed map
Sphoeroides testudineus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphoeroides testudineus (Checkered puffer)
Sphoeroides testudineus
Juvenile picture by Gasparini, J.L.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Sphoeroides: Greek, sphaira = ball + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman ? - 48 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 42°N - 35°S, 98°W - 34°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Atlantic to Southwest Atlantic: Rhode Island, USA to southeastern Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 10.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.8 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 26340); common length : 20.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3821); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 400.00 g (Ref. 5217)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11-12; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 11. Greenish above, pale yellow to white below; back has series of pale lines and arcs suggesting concentric circles with intersecting lines. No other puffer has this color pattern (Ref. 26938).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Commonly found in bays, tidal creeks and protected coastal waters, especially on seagrass beds, and in brackish water. Rare or absent on coral reefs. Does not form schools, but may form huge aggregates. Hides in the sand when frightened (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on bivalves, gastropods, foraminiferans and several other benthic invertebrates specially crustaceans, which it crushes with its powerful teeth (Ref. 35237). To ward off predators, it inflates itself like a balloon. Highly toxic; used to poison cats and dogs (Ref. 2861).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Spawning season is from late spring to early fall at Biscayne Bay, Florida. Mean length at first maturity is over 13 cm TL.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | mitra

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 119314)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 3821)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.6 (based on 472 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01777 - 0.02694), b=2.91 (2.85 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (K=0.51; rel. fec=1.146 eggs/ g body weight).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .