Lagocephalus laevigatus, Smooth puffer : fisheries

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Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Smooth puffer
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Lagocephalus laevigatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Smooth puffer)
Lagocephalus laevigatus
Picture by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Lagocephalus: Greek, lagos = hare + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten; djupintervall 10 - 180 m (Ref. 27121).   Subtropical; 44°N - 40°S, 97°W - 16°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New England, USA and Bermuda to Argentina (Ref. 47377). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia (Ref. 27121). Southwest Atlantic: Sergipe, Brazil (Ref. 118626).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3694); common length : 60.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3694); publicerad maxvikt: 4.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13-15; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 12 - 13

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits inshore and near-shore areas, over sand or mud bottoms. Usually found alone or in small, loose aggregates. Adults are pelagic, but near continental margins; young are commonly found on coastal and offshore banks (Ref. 7251). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Minimum depth from Ref. 26912. Its flesh is very delicate; nevertheless, in certain region like the Pacific and the Indian Ocean, it is toxic (particularly the skin and the viscera) (Ref. 5377). Poisonous, should not be eaten (Ref. 36731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Medarbetare

Shipp, R.L., 1990. Tetraodontidae. p. 1069-1072. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7464)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Other (Ref. 5377)





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Stocks
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synonymer
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Fecundity
Ägg
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Length-weight
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Length-frequencies
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 27.3, mean 23.2 (based on 373 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01455 - 0.02495), b=2.86 (2.79 - 2.93), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.69 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.