Lagocephalus laevigatus, Smooth puffer : fisheries

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Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Smooth puffer
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lagocephalus laevigatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Smooth puffer)
Lagocephalus laevigatus
Picture by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Lagocephalus: Greek, lagos = hare + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; tiefenbereich 10 - 180 m (Ref. 27121).   Subtropical; 44°N - 40°S, 97°W - 16°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New England, USA and Bermuda to Argentina (Ref. 47377). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia (Ref. 27121). Southwest Atlantic: Sergipe, Brazil (Ref. 118626).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3694); common length : 60.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3694); max. veröff. Gewicht: 4.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 13-15; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 12 - 13

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits inshore and near-shore areas, over sand or mud bottoms. Usually found alone or in small, loose aggregates. Adults are pelagic, but near continental margins; young are commonly found on coastal and offshore banks (Ref. 7251). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Minimum depth from Ref. 26912. Its flesh is very delicate; nevertheless, in certain region like the Pacific and the Indian Ocean, it is toxic (particularly the skin and the viscera) (Ref. 5377). Poisonous, should not be eaten (Ref. 36731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Partner

Shipp, R.L., 1990. Tetraodontidae. p. 1069-1072. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7464)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

Other (Ref. 5377)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 27.3, mean 23.2 (based on 373 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01455 - 0.02495), b=2.86 (2.79 - 2.93), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.69 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.