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Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)

King mackerel
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Image of Scomberomorus cavalla (King mackerel)
Scomberomorus cavalla
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 5 - 140 m (Ref. 36484), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 40849).   熱帶; 44°N - 22°S, 98°W - 34°W (Ref. 54879)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts, USA to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).
西大西洋: 對聖保羅巴西的美國麻薩諸塞州。 中東大西洋: 聖保羅岩礁.(參考文獻 13121)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 63.3, range 45 - 114 cm
Max length : 184 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710); common length : 70.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 168); 最大体重: 45.0 kg (Ref. 168); 最大年龄: 14 年 (Ref. 4949)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12 - 18; 背的软条 (总数): 15-18; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 16 - 20; 脊椎骨: 41 - 43. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly curving downward below second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Adults have no black area on the anterior part of the first dorsal fin. Juveniles with bronze spots in 5 or 6 irregular rows. Body entirely covered with scales.
腹鳍间的突起小而两裂的。 泳鳔不存在。 侧线突然弯曲的向下在第二背鳍鳍之下。 肠道有 2 摺层与 3 肢翼。 成鱼有没有黑色的区域在第一背鳍上的较前端。 在 5 或 6 不规则的列中稚鱼有青铜色的斑点。 身体完全地覆盖着鳞片了。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Often found in outer reef areas. Larvae are encountered in surface waters of 26.3° to 31°C and 26.9 to 35 ppt. Feeds primarily on fishes with smaller quantities of penaeid shrimps and squids. Large schools have been found to migrate over considerable distances along the Atlantic US coast, water temperature permitting. It is an important species for recreational, commercial, and artisanal fisheries throughout its range. Most of the catch is processed into steaks or sold fresh, or sometimes canned and salted. Also prepared smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). Potentially ciguatoxic in certain areas (Ref. 9710). Sometimes called "Kingfish" (Ref. 13442).

时常发现于外围礁石区域。 对 31 °C 与 26.9 到 35个 ppt 在 26.3个 ° 的水表面中仔鱼被见到。 主要吃鱼具有对虾与乌贼的较小的量。 大群鱼群曾经发现上移动相当多的距离沿着大西洋的美国海岸,水温允许。 它是一个重要的种为娱乐的,商业的, 与在它的分布范围各处的渔民。 大部分的捕捉被加工成牛排或者卖了生鲜地, 或有时装于罐头与盐腌的。 也烟熏保存与冷冻的.(参考文献 9987) 可能地在特定的区域中的有西加毒的.(参考文献 9710) 有时被称为 " Kingfish" 。 (参考文献 13442)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西大西洋: 對聖保羅巴西的美國麻薩諸塞州。 中東大西洋: 聖保羅岩礁.(參考文獻 13121)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 9710)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.2 (based on 1034 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00737 - 0.01182), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.07-0.15; tm=2; tmax=14; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.66, 95% CL = 0.47 - 0.92, Based on 5 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.