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Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)

King mackerel
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Image of Scomberomorus cavalla (King mackerel)
Scomberomorus cavalla
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 5 - 140 m (Ref. 36484), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 40849).   Tropical; 44°N - 22°S, 98°W - 34°W (Ref. 54879)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts, USA to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 63.3, range 45 - 114 cm
Max length : 184 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9710); common length : 70.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 168); peso máx. Publicado: 45.0 kg (Ref. 168); Idade máx. registada: 14 anos (Ref. 4949)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 12 - 18; Raios dorsais moles (total): 15-18; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 16 - 20; Vértebras: 41 - 43. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly curving downward below second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Adults have no black area on the anterior part of the first dorsal fin. Juveniles with bronze spots in 5 or 6 irregular rows. Body entirely covered with scales.

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Often found in outer reef areas. Larvae are encountered in surface waters of 26.3° to 31°C and 26.9 to 35 ppt. Feeds primarily on fishes with smaller quantities of penaeid shrimps and squids. Large schools have been found to migrate over considerable distances along the Atlantic US coast, water temperature permitting. It is an important species for recreational, commercial, and artisanal fisheries throughout its range. Most of the catch is processed into steaks or sold fresh, or sometimes canned and salted. Also prepared smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). Potentially ciguatoxic in certain areas (Ref. 9710). Sometimes called "Kingfish" (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 9710)





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; peixe desportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotografias
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Outras referências
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.2 (based on 1034 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00737 - 0.01182), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.07-0.15; tm=2; tmax=14; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.66, 95% CL = 0.47 - 0.92, Based on 5 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Medium.