You can sponsor this page

Cephalopholis cruentata (Lacepède, 1802)

Graysby
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range
Reviewed map
Cephalopholis cruentata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Videos |     Sounds | Google image
Image of Cephalopholis cruentata (Graysby)
Cephalopholis cruentata
Picture by Steele, M.A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; no migratorio (Ref. 56524); rango de profundidad 0 - 170 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 36°N - 6°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 5222)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Florida (USA), Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, and the Caribbean; including the Antilles (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 16.0, range 14 - ? cm
Max length : 42.6 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 40637); common length : 20.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3708); peso máximo publicado: 1.1 kg (Ref. 40637); edad máxima reportada: 13 años (Ref. 36271)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 9; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 13-15; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 8. Distinguished by having the following characteristics: body depth 2.5-2.9 times in SL; head length 2.4-2.6 times in SL (Ref. 089707); opercle with 3 flat spines, middle one the largest and upper spine longer than the lowest; pelvic fins shorter than pectorals; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin; has 4 contrasting spots, white or black, along body below dorsal fin base (Ref. 26938); color in market: pale orange, grey or brown with reddish spots; black spots on the upper body below the dorsal fin (Ref. 089707).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabits Thalassia beds and coral reefs. In the Gulf of Mexico, they are found on rocky reef ledge in depths greater than 27 m. Solitary (Ref. 26340) and secretive, they usually stay near hiding places during the day. Prefer to remain within a small area of the home range of about 2,120 square m especially during the day (Ref. 56524). Nocturnal predators, adults feed mainly on fishes, with preference on Chromis multilineata, while juveniles feed on shrimps. Due to its small size, this is not a particularly sought-after species. Easily approached and fed by divers (Ref. 9710). Protogynous (Ref. 26938). Between 1995 and 2000, at least 10 specimens have been traded as aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Most change sex between 20 and 23 cm (ages 4 and 5), with sexual transition occurring immediately after spawning in August and September (Ref. 3092).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Colaboradores

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 November 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

Pesquerías: escaso valor comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

Download XML

Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.7 - 28, mean 26.4 (based on 328 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00653 - 0.01928), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (K=0.34-0.35; tm=3.5-5.5; tmax=9; Fec=260,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.