Scarus coelestinus, Midnight parrotfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Scarus coelestinus Valenciennes, 1840

Midnight parrotfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scarus coelestinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scarus coelestinus (Midnight parrotfish)
Scarus coelestinus
Picture by Venier, J.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; rango de profundidad 5 - 75 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 20 m.   Tropical; 33°N - 24°S, 98°W - 31°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Ref. 13628).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 13628); common length : 50.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3802); peso máximo publicado: 7.0 kg (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 9; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 10; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 11. With blue-green teeth. Adults generally black or blue-black, with centers of scales and unscaled part of head bright blue, and blue band between eyes. Only large black or blue-black parrotfish in the Caribbean (Ref. 26938).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Occurs from rocky coastal reefs to seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Often in schools, feeding with surgeonfishes by scraping off algae from rocks or dead coral (Ref. 9710). Marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Westneat, Mark | Colaboradores

Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 18 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: escaso valor comercial; Acuario: Comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Más información

Países
Áreas FAO
Ecosistemas
Ocurrencias, apariciones
Introducciones
Stocks
Ecología
Dieta
componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
Ración
Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.3 - 28, mean 27.3 (based on 96 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00851 - 0.03092), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.