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Gnathonemus longibarbis (Hilgendorf, 1888)

Longnose stonebasher
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Gnathonemus longibarbis
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Gnathonemus: Greek, gnathos = jaw + Greek, nema = filament (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hilgendorf.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser demersal; potamodrom (Ref. 10608); tiefenbereich 27 - 45 m (Ref. 9606).   Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Africa: Victoria Nile (Ref. 1880), Lake Kyoga (Ref. 4903), Lake Victoria basin (Ref. 34290), Middle Akagera River system (Ref. 46152), Malagarazi River (Ref. 54847, 98755), Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 45485).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 52331)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

In Lake Kyoga abundant among or near water lilies (Ref. 49805) and in Lake Victoria it occurs in shallow, inshore waters over sandy and rocky shores (Ref. 4903, 97924), seasonally over muddy bottoms adjacent to papyrus swamps or deep water near rocky islands (Ref. 9606, 97924). Feeds on bottom and in marginal vegetation; insectivorous (chironomid larvae, Povilla, Odonata larvae), but arthropods, oligochaetes and fish eggs are also eaten (Ref. 12526). Uses sensitive pointed addition to chin for testing holes in mud, papyrus roots and between stones to locate underwater insects (Ref. 36900). Rotates body to almost vertical position, searches substrate and grabs prey into mouth; produces weak electric organ discharge for navigation and to warn off other organisms (Ref. 97924). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Breeds twice a year during the rainy seasons, and migrates up rivers to spawn (Ref. 10608).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 December 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00595 - 0.02787), b=2.84 (2.66 - 3.02), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Fec = 502).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .